Exhibition Rooms

01INFANTRY MUSEUM

The exhibition of Museum is in two buildings. In main basic display building there is the time of the independence of Finland.

 

In the opposite barracks are the varying exhibitions, for example Volunteers in German Army 1941-43, Ladies in canteen services and Boy soldiers (organization of boys 10-17 years acting in military, paramilitary and civil duties)

ROOM 1
The Jaegermovement. Finnish jaegers in Germany and Latvia 1915-1918
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ROOM 2
There are in classroom photographs of the Infantry Mannerheim-cross knights, full infantry generals and inspectors of infantry.
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ROOM 3
Civil War 1918; articles, pictures and photographs of jaegers, white and red civil guards and German troops in Finland. The war lasted from the end of January until the beginning of May 1918.
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ROOM 4
The development of Finnish armed forces in 1920-30. The voluntary civil defence training was started just in the beginning of 1920. After 17 years citizen were able to join male Civil Guard and females the Lotta- Svärd organization. The latter had versatile training; medical, catering, office duties and signals. In 1938 the Civil Guard organization had 700 branches and 85.000 active members.
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ROOM 5
The military build-up in Winter War (1939-40) was defective. Anti-tank weapons were mainly explosives and gasoline bombs which were thrown on the deck of tank and these destroyed at least the engine. The finish soldier here is well equipped, but many were with only the rifle, military belt and cockade.
There is also war booty captured from the Red Army.
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ROOM 6
The fighting surroundings of Winter War. It was terrible cold, up to 40 degrees below zero. Enemy was bound to roads and were not able, except Carelian isthmus, to utilize their superiority. Finnish troops had skis and moved outside roads blocking the enemy.
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ROOM 7
In the beginning of Continue War (1941-45) the Finnish army was bigger and much better equipped, thanks to new artillery pieces, machine pistols and rifles. In 1941 offensive the Finnish forces reached their goals in Karelian Isthmus in September and in northern areas in the beginning of December.
There is the scale model of battle at river Tuulos 4.9. 1941. The 5th Division and 1st
Jaeger Brigade started final offensive to thefinal target Syväri- River (River Svir).
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ROOM 8
The trench war was from the end of 1941 to the spring 1944.Soldiers in the front line were in underground shelters combined with battle positions. These were protected with mines and barbered wire obstacles. Soldiers had been carefull due to danger of enemy skilful sharp-shooters.
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ROOM 9
Soviet Union launched very strong offensive in the beginning on June in Karelian Isthmus 1944 and they had breakthrough up to Viipuri. Finnish army moved troops from the north to Karelian Isthmus and stabilized the situation. The offensive was stopped in the beginning of July in Ihantala, Vuosalmi and north of Lake Laatokka. It was trench war again.
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ROOM 10
The war in Lapland was between 200.000 Germans and 50.000 Finns, mainly conscripts after demobilizing. The task of German troops was to withdraw through Norway and Finnish managed to expel them after locally heavy fighting in the end of April 1945. Germans burnt and mined the whole Lapland and it took until 1951 to clear main part of mines and explosives. The reconstruction took much longer time.

It was fear of occupation of Finland by Soviet Union. Finnish military authorities hided material for guerrilla-war all over the country. The operation was disclosed and the main authors were sentenced up to five (5) years imprisonment.

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